Know About Smoking Cessation

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?Smoking is injurious to health?, people often hear this slogan, but seldom seem interested to follow it. Statistics show about 87% of lung cancer deaths are due to smoking. Smoking is harmful for almost every organ of human body. It leads to several other types of cancers and many more health problems including lung diseases, stroke, cataract, and heart and blood vessel diseases. Passive smoking can harm other persons present nearby.

Smoking could lead to death of about half of the people who don't quit it. So, smoking cessation is a good practice and helps to regain your normal health as soon as you quit.

Smoking cessation refers to ?quitting the habit of smoking?. But, quitting smoking is not an easy task; because tobacco contains a drug, called nicotine. Nicotine is an addictive drug, like heroin or cocaine. Body slowly but steadily becomes addictive of nicotine, and the smokers get psychologically and physically addictive of tobacco. So, when a person tries to quit smoking, he or she comes across certain withdrawal symptoms, like, dizziness, depression, feeling of frustration or anger, sleep disorders, irritability, headache, restlessness, tiredness, and increased appetite.

Some of the benefits of smoking cessation are as under. These are the changes your body undergoes with time after quitting- After 20 minutes ? Heart rate and blood pressure drops. After 12 hours -? The carbon monoxide level in blood becomes normal. After 2 weeks to 3 months ? Blood circulation increases and lungs start functioning properly. After 1 to 9 month ? the problem of coughing and Breath-shortness decreases. After 1 years ? Risk of heart disease reduces to half compared to a smoker. After 10 years ? Risk of lung cancer death reduces to half in comparison to a continuous smoker.

Methods Employed For Smoking Cessation

1. Screening ? Doctors ask about five A's with every patient. They ?Ask the patient about smoking?,? Advise to quit?, they ?Assess patients willingness to quit?, they ?Assist in quitting?, and finally, they 'Arrange follow-up'.

2. Nicotine replacement therapy - It includes a nicotine replacement gum which contains nicotine. It is a type of chewing gum which contains low level of nicotine. When patient strongly feels the urge to take nicotine, he simply chews it. This helps in lowering the urge of nicotine intake with time. Some other therapies include lozenges, nicotine patches, sprays, and inhalers.

3. Hypnotherapy ? This is a type of psychological treatment for quitting. The hypnotherapist prepares a program specifically for the patient by asking their reasons to smoke, family and health conditions, etc. He completely convinces the patient that he doesn't want to smoke.

4.Other methods -? Other methods include, acupuncture technique, herbal and aroma therapy, smoking cessation counsellings, laser therapy, self-help books, meditation, etc.

Now, people are becoming more aware about their health. Majority of population is turning towards smoke cessation techniques. But, the success rate will be only higher when people will be actually willing to quit, and will be more determined.