Why do people smoke?

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Smoking is a pastime which involves the inhaling of smoke from burning. The tobacco is usually in the form of a cigarette.?? Smoking has become the habit of millions of people. It is smoking only that alone causes eighty percent of lung cancer deaths. It is also the? root cause of some other cancers such as those of the pharynx, larynx, bladder, esophagus and oral cavity.

Despite knowing all the facts, why do people smoke?? For a long period of time, it has been understood that smoking is a result of nicotine addiction. However? social, psychological, psychosocial and political factors contribute a lot in the making of a smoker.

Let?s see how smokers become smokers

Usually during the teens, people are rebellious and anti-establishment in nature. When guardians take strict steps to impose? rules and regulation, teens develop a kind of resentment and become rebellious by isolating themselves, psychologically. As a first step, they start smoking as they perceive it to be the first step towards betraying their guardians.

When a teenager smokes for the first time, the taste and the smell of nicotine is repulsive. In spite of that they continue to smoke. This continues until they are hooked. After a while, the addiction gains further root. Some of them go on to remain smokers throughout their lives.

Physical and psychological factors
Once the smoke goes inside, the nicotine get absorbed in lungs and it reaches the brain in a very short time span of fifteen to sixteen seconds. Nicotine has a 2 hour terminal half life and 15 - 16 minutes distributional half life. Smokers therefore?? maintain a constant nicotine level and always have the urge to take in more nicotine, which urges them on to their next cigarette.

This process makes the smoker a psychological and physiological addict.

Behavioral factor
While smoking, a smoker's throat gets abused by smoke at least? seventy thousand times a year and the smoker becomes accustomed to keeping the hands and mouth busy. The smoker fears the possibility of not having a cigarette in their hands or on their lips. This craving hardens the physiological addiction and smokers reach the point of no return.

A typical Smokers justifications
Often smokers rationalize their smoking by explaining that it gives them pleasure and removes stress. What really happens is that nicotine has an effect for a very short duration and after that they feel physical and mental impairment until they smoke another cigarette. This is perceived as a necessary self medication by smokers.

Socioeconomic factor
In research and surveys it has been established that the 'haves not' and proletariat section of the society are strongly inclined to become habitual smokers. They take cigarettes containing high level of nicotine. They affluent class however tends to me more amenable to quit smoking later on in their lives.

Smoking is a chronic disease which may persist for a long period of time, in some cases throughout life. Preventive measures include the support of family and society to provide encouragement to smokers to kick the unhealthy habit.